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Cannabis is a plant that makes a thick substance full of compounds called cannabinoids. There are more than of these chemicals in cannabis. They cause drug-like reactions in your body.
Cannabis refers to a group of three plants with psychoactive properties, known as Cannabis sativaCannabis indicaand Cannabis ruderalis. Some call it weed, some call it pot, and others call it marijuana. As weed becomes legal in more areas, names for it are evolving. Today, more and more people are using the term cannabis to refer to weed.
Cannabis is usually consumed for its relaxing and calming effects. In some U. Keep in mind that while cannabis comes from a plant and is considered natural, it can still have strong effects, both positive and negative.
Cbd vs. thc: what’s the difference?
Cannabis is made up of more than components, which are known as cannabinoids. But the dried flower that most people associate with cannabis contains both cannabinoids, though certain strains may have much more of one than the other.
Using cannabis can have a range of short-term effects. Some are beneficial, but others are more concerning. But cannabis can also have some problematic side effects for certain people. Side effects may include:. The short-term effects of cannabis can also vary based on your method of consumption.
But if you orally ingest cannabis, such as in a capsule or food, it may be several hours before you feel anything.
In addition, cannabis often comes in different strains. These are loose used to indicate the effects of different cannabis products. Experts are still trying to fully understand the long-term effects of using cannabis.
Many more large, long-term studies in humans are needed to fully understand the lasting effects of cannabis use. Research from highlights the potential impact of cannabis on brain development when used during adolescence. People who start using cannabis in their teens may also have a higher risk for mental health issues later in life, including schizophrenia. Some people can also become dependent on cannabis.
Others even experience withdrawal symptoms when not using cannabis, such as irritability, low appetite, and mood swings. According to the National Institute on Drug Abusepeople who start using cannabis before the age of 18 are four to seven times more likely to develop a cannabis use disorder than those who start using it later in life. Smoking cannabis carries similar risks to smoking tobacco. This may be due to inflammation and irritation of the airways.
Cannabis has been associated with bronchitis, and it may be a risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD. However, recent studies have shown little evidence of a link between cannabis use and lung cancer. More research is needed in this area. Cannabis is illegal in many places, but more and more areas are starting to legalize it for both recreational and medical uses.
In the United States, for example, several states have legalized recreational and medical cannabis. Others have legalized it only for medical use. But cannabis remains illegal under federal law in the United States.
The research supporting CBD use for inflammation and pain is promising. The use of CBD-based prescription medication Epidiolex to reduce some kinds of seizures is well established. The laws around cannabis also vary from country to country. Some permit the use of products containing only CBD, while others consider any kind of cannabis use a serious crime. Regardless of what you call it, cannabis has a range of short- and long-term effects, which can be both beneficial and harmful.
A doctor can also help you weigh the potential benefits and risks to your health. Is cannabis an answer to entering the land of sleep? Health officials are concerned about the increase in teens vaping cannabis because of the effects the drug can have on the brains of people under Here are Healthline's picks for the best CBD oils for t…. Terpenes are one part of the equation when it comes to determining cannabis's effects. We break down the limited research and offer tips.
New to cannabis? A seasoned consumer and cannabis journalist shares her expert tips for making the most of your first time. What happens when you smoke or ingest marijuana? Learn the effects it has on your body with this interactive graphic. Health Conditions Discover Plan Connect.
Components Short-term effects Long-term effects Legality Takeaway. What are the components of cannabis? What are the short-term effects of cannabis? What are the long-term effects of cannabis?
Effects on the body
Is cannabis legal? The bottom line. Read this next. Medically reviewed by Debra Rose Wilson, Ph. More Teens Are Vaping Cannabis. Why Health Officials Are Alarmed Health officials are concerned about the increase in teens vaping cannabis because of the effects the drug can have on the brains of people under Medically reviewed by Jeffrey Chen, MD.
About to Use Weed for the First Time?
The Effects of Cannabis on Your Body.